Confidentiality is the obligation not to disclose willingly any information obtained in confidence.
These are the exceptions to confidentiality:
- Where there is a reasonable suspicion of child abuse.
- Where there is a reasonable suspicion that the student may present a danger of violence to others.
- Where there is a reasonable suspicion that the student is likely to harm himself.
Confidentiality is very important to establishing and maintaining a strong counselor-student relationship. It is important that counselors are aware of the rights of individuals to privacy and to respect the confidential nature of information concerning students. A counsleor, however, may consult and collaborate with other teachers and professionals for purposes of more effectively helping the student.
Confidentiality is based on four basic principles:
- Respect for an individual's right to privacy.
- Respect for human relationships in which personal information is shared.
- Appreciation of the importance of confidentiality to both individuals and society.
- Expectations that those who pledge to safeguard confidential information will do so.